Kamiu Horticulture

Loquat Plantation

The loquat is a large evergreen shrub or tree, grown commercially for its orange fruit and for its leaves, which are used to make herbal tea. It is also cultivated as an ornamental plant. The loquat is in the family Rosaceae, and is native to the cooler hill regions of south-central China
You may hear this plant referred to by a few different names depending on where you are in the world: Japanese medlar, Japanese plum, Chinese plum, pipa in China, or nespola in Italy.

importance of loquat fruits

Benefits of Loquat fruit includes lowers blood pressure, may lower risk of cancer, helps calm respiratory system, an immunity booster, helps you lose weight/aids digestion, a brain protector, keeps cholesterol at healthy levels, promotes bone health, great for the circulatory system, helps diabetics, great for eyesight, helps lower inflammation and excellent for healthy diets.
The Loquat, was is a flowering plant that is found in Asian countries like Japan and Korea, plus the Northern areas of the Philippines. You can also find it in India and Pakistan and Africa.
You will find this in the form of a shrub or a tree. It is commercially cultivated for the fruit it bears, and it makes an excellent ornamental plant.

Climate condition

  • Loquats grow in Zones 8 to 10. They are adapted to subtropical and mild-winter regions. Loquats grow well where citrus grows. Orange flesh varieties need more warmth to produce sweet fruit.
  • Where the climate is too cool or too hot and humid, loquats will not bear fruit.
  • Mature trees can withstand a low temperature of 12° Flowers will be killed at 26°F.
  • Plant loquats in compost-rich loamy soil that is well-drained. Loquats will grow in sandy loam and heavy clay, but well-drained soil is important. Loquats will not grow well in alkaline soil.
  • Loquats can be messy if planted near a patio or walkway.
  • Hot and dry summer weather can cause leaf scorch. White-fleshed loquats are best grown in cool coastal areas.
  • Plant loquats in full sun; they will grow in partial shade but fruit may not fully ripen.
  • Planting
  • Prepare a planting site in full sun that is sheltered from a prevailing breeze or wind.
  • Work well-rotted compost or manure into the soil.
  • Dig a hole half again as deep and twice as wide as the tree’s roots. Add a cupful of bonemeal to the bottom of the hole before setting the plant in place.
  • Put a tree stake in place before planting. Drive the stake into the ground to the side of the hole to at least 2 feet deep.
  • Set the plant in the hole so that the soil mark from the nursery pot on the stem is at the surface level or an inch or two deeper than the surrounding soil. Remove all twine and burlap from balled and burlapped trees. Spread the roots out in all directions.
  • Re-fill the hole with half native soil and half aged compost or commercial organic planting mix; firm in the soil so that there are no air pockets among the roots. Water in the soil and create a modest soil basin around the trunk to hold water at watering time.
  • Secure the tree to the stake with tree ties.
  • After planting, water each tree thoroughly and fertilize with a high-phosphorus liquid starter fertilizer.
  • Loquats are shallow-rooted. Be careful not to disturb the roots when weeding. Mulch to protect the shallow roots.
  • Loquats are drought-tolerant but they will produce best with regular, deep watering. Do not grow loquats where there is standing water or soil that is always wet.
  • Keep the soil evenly moist. Be sure to water when blossoms are swelling. Also, be sure to water during harvest time.
  • Fertilize loquats three times a year in winter, spring and early summer with 6-6-6 organic fertilizer; avoid high nitrogen fertilizers which can reduce flowering. Do not fertilize trees after midsummer.
  • If trees show signs of excessive growth, fertilizer just once each year in midwinter.
  • Harvesting

  • Loquats begin bearing at 3 to 4 years of age
  • Loquats will be ready for harvest about 90 days after full flower opening.
  • Allow fruits to ripen fully on the tree before harvesting. The fruit is ripe when it is fully colored and slightly soft. Fruit for preserving should be harvested before it is fully ripe.
  • Use a pruner to clip individual fruits or clusters from the tree.
  • Loquats will keep in the refrigerator for one to two weeks
  • Eat loquats fresh or dried. Loquats can be used in fresh fruit salads or fruit cups. Use loquats to make jam, jelly, preserves, sauce, and chutney. Loquats can also be used to make wine.
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